What Is Translation?
- Sworn Translation
- The Cultural Evolution of Translation
- Translation Studies
- XemTask: An App for Automatic Transliteration of Text in Latin and Other Language
- A Language of Laws: Legal Translation and Interpretation
- A Translation Quality Assessment
- What is it?
- A Language-Independent Approach to Text Composition
- The Differences between Translation and Interpretation
When a target language lacks certain terms that are found in a source language, translators use those terms to enrich the language. Thanks to the exchange of calques and loanwords between languages, there are few concepts that are not "untranslatable" among the modern European languages. The problem is that the cultural concepts have no equivalent in the target language.
For full comprehension, a gloss is required. When historians look at ancient or medieval records to piece together events which took place in non-Western or pre-Western environments, they still use earlier approaches to translation. Chinese and related translation traditions retain some of the same theories and philosophies as the Chinese tradition, despite being heavily influenced by Western traditions.
The influence of Chinese culture on the Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese languages is more important than translation because of the use and reading of Chinese texts. The Japanese kanbun is a system for helping Japanese speakers read Chinese. Due to centuries of close contacts and exchanges, Arabic translation efforts are important to the Western translation traditions.
Europeans began studying Arabic and Persian translations of classical works after the Renaissance. Arabic and Persian became important sources of material and techniques for revitalizing Western traditions, which would overtake the Islamic and oriental traditions in time. Sworn translation is a type of translation that aims at legal equivalency between two documents.
It is performed by someone authorized to do so by local regulations. Some countries have self-declared competence. The translator must be an official state appointee.
The Cultural Evolution of Translation
People may understand translation differently. Translation is seen as an activity by the people who are not translators, but as a text by the people who are. The ability to reproduce styles in the message was the older concentration in translation.
The new focus has shifted to the response of the receptor. The response must be compared with the way in which the original receptors reacted to the message when it was written in its original form. The translator needs to make sure that the average person is not going to misunderstand the message.
There has been a change in translation studies, from linguistically oriented to culturally oriented. Linguists in Germany show their concern with the way translation is viewed as a cultural process. Linguists argue that language is seen as being roots in culture in a way that the meaning of any linguistic entry can only be understood with reference to the cultural context.
translation cannot be fully understood without reference to cultural aspects The producer uses advertising to create a brand image for his product. The brand image of a company such as a logo differentiates manufactured goods from other similar products that are advertised by other companies.
The advertisers can be a private person, a small business, a major producer, retailers or service providers. They can advertise at any level. In the past few years, the advertising of any type of service has become more and more popular, even supermarket chains are now their own label brands.
The field of study that deals with translation is called Translation Studies. It can be described as an interdiscipline which touches on other fields of knowledge, including comparative literature, cultural studies, gender studies, computer science, history, linguistics, philosophy, rhetoric, and semiotics, because it examines translation not only as interlingual transfer but also as intercultural communication. The two fields are not related, but they are often combined.
Students are prepared for various careers. Some graduates start their own business as a translator. Others become project managers for translation companies.
XemTask: An App for Automatic Transliteration of Text in Latin and Other Language
Texts written in the Devanagari, Cyrillic, Arabic and Greek script can be transliterated from Latin alphabet equivalents. The Japanese to English conversion option is available in the browser version of the translation service. The paid version does not have the same option.
The app supports over 100 languages and has voice input for over 50 languages. It is available for devices running the newer version of the OS and can be downloaded from the Play store. The languages in the public release version of the program have an exclusive option to contribute that allows them to translate an English text of 50 characters or more into up to 4 other languages.
A Language of Laws: Legal Translation and Interpretation
Legal translation is required to use the official language of the jurisdiction, so it covers a wide variety of texts. It can be identity documentation, financial documents, official reports, transcripts, filed patents, precedents and legal rulings. Immigration documents, litigation papers, articles of incorporation, wills and trusts are some of the documents that need legal translation.
Legal translation is complicated by its unique terminology, along with cultural factors and differences in language. It is not just about replacing a word with another. The translator has to translate the legal concepts into another language.
The translator must be very specific about what language to use in the target jurisdiction because of the different legal expressions and traditions. If a judge or a lawyer sees that a translation is not legit, the entire translation may no longer be trusted. The translator must fit the purpose of the legal translation.
Legal translation for public consumption is different from legally binding legalese. Legal text is wordy and anyone familiar with it will understand. The sentence structures of Legal English are compound and complex.
Legal documents are usually written in the passive voice and the tone of the language is very formal. It can be difficult for a translator to translate a passive voice into an active voice in a foreign language. Legal expressions in the source language are not the same as those in the target language.
A Translation Quality Assessment
It is important to evaluate the quality of a translation to see if it is equivalent. You can even say that the heart of any translation theory is the quality of the translation. Computer tools are used to check for spelling, grammatical errors, formatting, punctuation, repeated words, extra spaces, and also to identify any inconsistencies.
The importance of translation quality assessment has grown in recent times. It is a modern approach to evaluating translated work. It gives grounds for judging the value of a translated work, and also shows that translation is a linguistic operation.
It may mean shelling out a few extra bucks to get an unbiased and thorough translation quality assessment performed. It may be cheaper in the long run. If you cut costs, compromise on translation quality, and face huge lawsuits, what will happen?
The cheapest vendor scenario may be the most expensive one eventually. You can be sure that the translation job will be done well when you choose a quality vendor. If your project is huge and is of a literary nature, is of the healthcare or medical industry, a technical manual, legal documents, certificates, sensitive documents and so on, and even the smallest mistake can have far reaching consequences, then you need to perform a translation quality assessment.
What is it?
But what is it? Sworn translation is a translation that is accepted by the legal system as a legal translation. When a translation is to be used for an administration purpose,worn translations are always needed.
A Language-Independent Approach to Text Composition
The meaning of a text in a source language is communicated in an equivalent target language. The appearance of written literature preceded translation, and there are partial translations of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh into Southwest Asian languages. The source-language idiom and usage are always at risk of spill-over.
The Differences between Translation and Interpretation
The easiest way to explain their differences is that translation and interpreting involve written material in more than one language. Keep reading for a more in-depth look at translation and interpreting. The ability to write well in the target language is the most important quality a good translator must have.
To be a skilled translator, you need to understand the source language and culture of the country where the text originated, and then use a good library of dictionaries and reference materials to make the text clear and accurate in the target language. Expertise in the subject matter is equally important as experience interpreting. Interpreters have extraordinary listening abilities.