What Is Your Ego?
The Life Force
If you keep identifying yourself with your ego, you will limit yourself. You can become inconsiderate of other people if you think and behave in a certain way. If someone calls you, you would turn your head to see who they are.
Your name is only a sound that identifies you when someone wants to speak to you. Most people consider their possessions, name, job, status and what they are wearing to be part of them. They feel as if they have lost a part of themselves if they lose one of their possessions or something breaks.
Let's look at what happens at a sport contest. If you are a fan of a sports team, you get upset and depressed. You feel happy if it wins.
The same thing happens with political parties. When you know what the ego is, and can rise above it, you can see that it blocks clear sight and understanding, making you believe that you are a certain individuality-personality, and that other people are different from you. The life force is similar to electricity that flows through wires.
The life force is a single power that flows through everything and creates egos. How can you rise above the ego? Through inner work, getting out of your comfort zone, becoming tolerant and considerate, learning emotional detachment, and through some other means.
Egoics are not egotic
Being egotistical has nothing to do with egoic. Highly self-critical people may be egoic as well. Highly depressed people are often very focused on themselves and are often viewed very negatively by the people they love.
Freud's Ego Psychology
Freud's theories of ego psychology are what makes it a field. Anna Freud and Heinz Hartmann were both involved in the development of the field.
Freud believes that the id is the primitive and instinctual part of the mind that contains sexual and aggressive drives and hidden memories, the super-ego is a moral conscience, and the ego is the realistic part that mediation between the desires of the id and the super-ego is possible. The id is not in touch with the outside world and is infantile in its function throughout a person's life. The id is not affected by reality, logic or the everyday world as it operates within the unconscious part of the mind.
The ego develops to be a bridge between the unrealistic id and the real world. It is the part of personality that makes decisions. The id is chaotic and unreasonable, so the ego should work by reason.
The best way for the ego to stay on is to point the id in the right direction and claim some credit at the end, as if the action were its own. The superego is supposed to control the id's impulses, which include sex and aggression. It can also convince the ego to turn to moralistic goals rather than realistic ones and to strive for perfection.
The conscience and ideal self are part of the superego. The conscience can cause feelings of guilt. The person may feel bad if the ego gives in to the id's demands.